Ancient woodland plants

     Click to enlarge - plant identification sheet.

     Reproduced by permission of Professor Mel Jones

Ancient Woodland Indicators


Introduction - This guide covers 46 of the more commonly found ‘Ancient Woodland Indicator’ (AWI) vascular plants (or AWVP). Some have stronger affinities for older woods and a subjective attempt has been made to weight each species on a scale of 10 where 1 is a ubiquitous species found in any shaded habitat, including hedgerows and 10 is almost always found in the most long-established woods.


This is not definitive and is a guide only. It also does not take full account of regional variation or the fact that some species are restricted to either acidic (Equisetum sylvaticum and 

Ceratocapnos claviculata) or calcareous woodland soils 

(Equisetum telmateia Paris quadrifolia).


As there are only 46 species no attempt has been made to devise a key. The species are in alphabetical order of scientific name with the common name where space allows.


Click on each picture for a larger view. Or for a slide show click on the first picture then click the Play button.


Reproduced with kind permission of Barry Wright


Coming Soon (see Events page for details):



Saturday 16th: the fourth and final Bird Walk - postponed from the 2nd.


Sunday 24th:Friends of Gillfield Wood practical conservation morning 



Monday 2nd: Dragonflies & Damselflies, an illustrated talk by Stuart Davies.


Sunday 22nd: Friends of Gillfield Wood practical conservation morning 


Monday 3rd February 2020: “Free Bird” an illustrated talk by Pete Brown


An outline: “In 2016 well known local bird watcher Pete Brown set out to see how many bird species he could find in the Sheffield area during the year at no cost to his pocket or the planet. Birding by bike, boots and bus pass Pete set a target of finding 150 species and through sponsorship, of raising £1,500 for Cancer Research UK. “Free Bird” is the story of that adventure”.